Otto Loewi was born in Frankfurt, Germany, in 1873. In 1938 he was arrested by the Nazis, and released only after forfeiting all of his property, including his Nobel prize money. Then, he moved to New York where he lived until his death in 1961.
The Nobel prize for medicine and physiology was awarded to Otto Loewi in 1936, “for his discoveries relating to the chemical transmission of nerve impulses.”
Loewi was the first to prove that the stimulus of a nerve cell was also transmitted by a chemical substance, acetylcholine.